Four Stages of Mushroom Cultivation

  1. Inoculum: In order to grow a species of fungi you need a source the mycellium of a strain that will reliably fruit if grown in the right conditions. The mycellium has to be cultured in form that can be worked with depending on the techniques involve. Nearly all species agar media is used to create this cultured inoculum. For some species low tech method such as cardboard spawn can be used.
  2. Grain Spawn:
  3. Fruiting Substrate:
  4. Harvest:

What Types of Fungi to grow

Commonly cultivated species include:

  • Agaricus blazei | A. subrufescens (Himematsutake | King Agaricus | Almond Portobello)
  • Agaricus bisporus (Portobello | Button | Crimini)
  • Agrocybe aegerita (Black Poplar | Pioppino)
  • Chlorophyllum rachodes (Shaggy parasol)
  • Coprinus comatus (Shaggy Mane | Lawyer’s Wig)
  • Flammulina velutipes (Enokitake | Nametake)
  • Fomes fomentarius (Tinder Conk | Hoof Fungus | Ice Man Polypore | Amadou)
  • Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk | Kofukitake)
  • Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi (Divine/Spiritual Mushroom in Japanese) | Ling Chi/Zhi (Tree of Life Mushroom in Chinese) | Mannentake (10,000-year mushroom in Japanese) | Panacea Polypore)
  • Grifola frondosa (Maitake (Dancing Mushroom) | Kumotake (Cloud Mushroom) | Hen-of -the-Woods)
  • Hericium abietis (Comb Tooth)
  • Hericium erinaceus (Lion’s Mane | Monkey’s Head | Sheep’s Head | Bear’s Head | Old Man’s Beard | Satyr’s beard | Pom Pom)
  • Hypholoma capnoides (Brown-Gilled Clustered Woodlover)
  • Hypsizygus tessulatus (Beech Mushroom | Bunashimeji)
  • Hypsizygus ulmarius (Elm Oyster | Shirotamogitake)
  • Inonotus obliquus (Chaga)
  • Laetiporu sulphureus (Chicken-of-the-Woods | Sulfur Shelf)
  • Lepista nuda (Blewit)
  • Lentinula edodes (Shiitake | Donka | Pasania)
  • Macrolepiota procera (Parasol Mushroom)
  • Morel angusticeps (Black Morel)
  • Pholiota nameko (Nameko | Slime Pholiota)
  • Piptoporus betulinus (Birch polypore | Kanbatake)
  • Pleurotus citrinopileatus (Golden Oyster | Tamogitake)
  • Pleurotus cystidiosus (Abalone | Maple Oyster)
  • Pleurotus djamor (Pink Oyster | Salmon Oyster)
  • Pleurotus eryngii (King Oyster)
  • Pleurotus eusomus (Tarragon Oyster)
  • Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster | Hiratake)
  • Pleurotus pulmonarius (Pheonix Oyster | Indian Oyster)
  • Pleurotus tuberregium (King Tuber | Tiger Milk)
  • Polyporus umbellatus (Zhu Ling | Umbrella Polypore)
  • Sparassis crispa (Cauliflower Mushroom)
  • Stropharia ruggosoannulata (King Stropharia | Garden Giant | Burgandy/Wine Cap |Godzilla Mushroom)
  • Trametes versicolor (Turkey Tail | Yun Zhi | Kawaratake | Cloud Mushroom)
  • Volvariella volvacea (Paddy Straw | Fukurotake)

Some of these species (such as the Oyster species and King Stropharia) are incredibly easy to grow and are recommended for the beginner.

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